The United States and six other nations jointly release Combined Space Operations Vision 2031


Strasbourg, France, 23 February 2022 - The United States joins Australia, Canada, France, Germany, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom in the joint release of the “Combined Space Operations (CSpO) Vision 2031.”


CSpO is an initiative to address the overarching need to encourage responsible use of space, recognizing challenges to space sustainability, threats presented by technological advances, and the increasingly comprehensive and aggressive counterspace programs of other nation states. The “CSpO Vision 2031” outlines the initiative’s overarching purpose and highlights its guiding principles, including: freedom of use of space, responsible and sustainable use of space, partnering while recognizing sovereignty, and upholding international law.


The line of efforts of CSpO Participants include:

  • Develop and operate resilient, interoperable architectures to enable space mission assurance and unity of effort, through identification of gaps and collaborative opportunities.

  • Enhance command, control, and communications capabilities and other operational linkages among CSpO Participants to support the unity of effort and the ability to conduct combined and synchronized operations throughout the spectrum of military operations.

  • Foster responsible military behaviours in space to promote conditions to maintain freedom of use, access to, and sustainability of the space domain, and to discourage irresponsible behaviour and avoid escalation.

  • Collaborate on strategic communications efforts to set the desired conditions in the information environment.

  • Share intelligence and information to create a common understanding and support unity of effort.

  • Professionalize space cadres and training to energize shared, common understanding of the space domain, share best practices, and increase our collective expertise.

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